20th and 21st century music

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Music technology concepts.

National 3

Styles and genres

Styles and genres introduced at National 3 are Blues, Disco, Jazz and Rock.

Melody/harmony

Melody/harmony concepts introduced at National 3 are Ascending, Chord, Chord change, Descending, Improvisation, Leap/Leaping, Repetition, Sequence and Step/stepwise.

Rhythm/tempo

Rhythm/tempo concepts introduced at National 3 are 2, 3 or 4 beats in the bar, Accented, Beat, BPM (beats per minute), Drum fill, Faster, On the beat, Off the beat, Pause, Pulse and Slower.

Texture/structure/form

Texture/structure/form concepts introduced at National 3 are Accompanied, Harmony, Ostinato, Repetition, Riff, Solo, Unaccompanied and Unison.

Timbre/dynamics

Timbre/dynamics concepts introduced at National 3 are Acoustic, Acoustic guitar, Blowing, Bowing, Crescendo, Diminuendo, Drum kit, Electric guitar, Electronic, Organ, Piano (instrument), Plucking, Striking, Strumming, Synthesiser and Voice.

National 4

Styles and genres

Styles and genres introduced at National 4 are Electronica/dance music, Ragtime, Rapping, Skiffle, Swing and Synth pop.

Melody/harmony

Melody/harmony concepts introduced at National 4 are Arpeggio, Broken chord, Change of key, Major, Minor, Octave, Pedal, Scale, Scat singing and Vamp.

Rhythm/tempo

Rhythm/tempo concepts introduced at National 4 are A tempo, Accelerando, Anacrusis, Rallentando and Syncopation.

Texture/structure/form

Texture/structure/form concepts introduced at National 4 are AB, ABA, Binary, Imitation, Middle eight, Ternary and Verse and chorus.

Timbre/dynamics

Timbre/dynamics concepts introduced at National 4 are Alto, Backing vocals, Bass, Bass guitar, Brass, Distortion, Muted, Percussion, Soprano, Strings, Tenor and Woodwind.

National 5

Styles and genres

Styles and genres introduced at National 5 are 60s pop, Celtic rock, Country, Hip hop, Musical, Punk, Rock 'n' roll and Scottish.

Melody/harmony

Melody/harmony concepts introduced at National 5 are Atonal, Chromatic, Cluster, Counter melody, Glissando, Inverted pedal, Modulation, Pitch bend, Semitone, Tone and Whole-tone scale.

Rhythm/tempo

Rhythm/tempo concepts introduced at National 5 are Cross rhythm and Ritardando.

Texture/structure/form

Texture/structure/form concepts introduced at National 5 are Bridge/link passage, Coda, Homophonic, Instrumental break, Polyphony/polyphonic, Strophic and Walking bass.

Timbre/dynamics

Timbre/dynamics concepts introduced at National 5 are Arco, Baritone, Mezzo soprano, Pizzicato and Roll.

Higher

Styles and genres

Styles and genres introduced at Higher are Electroacoustic, Indie, Impressionist, Jazz funk, New wave and Soul music.

Melody/harmony

Melody/harmony concepts introduced at Higher are Interval, Inversion and Relative major/minor.

Rhythm/tempo

Rhythm/tempo concepts introduced at Higher are Irregular time signatures and Time changes.

Texture/structure/form

Texture/structure/form concept introduced at Higher is Through-composed.

Timbre/dynamics

Timbre/dynamics concepts introduced at Higher are Accented, Harmonics, Phrase marks and Staccato.