Harmonic minor scale

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Definition

A scale is a series of notes. The harmonic minor scale is formed using the following pattern: tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone and a half, semitone.

This is how the scale of C harmonic minor looks when written down:

Scale of C harmonic minor, ascending


A harmonic minor scale can begin on any note. Here is the scale of G harmonic minor:

Scale of G harmonic minor, ascending


A harmonic minor scale shares the same key signature as its relative major but raises the 7th note by a semitone, both ascending and descending.

Examples


Explanation of minor scales and why we need different versions

Related concepts